If you have found tiny, palecolored insects crawling around in your home, it can be quite disturbing. A study of the tasmanian psocoptera with descriptions of new species. Booklice are tiny creatures although they are not actually lice at all, and this article will show you how and where to look for them. Unlike bloodsucking lice, psocids pronounces sosid are phytophagous, feeding on organic matter including algae, lichen, fungi, pollen, decaying plant particles detritus. They first appeared in the permian period, 295248 million years ago. They are wingless and much smaller than barklice less than 2 mm. Psocoptera are an order of insects that are commonly known as booklice, barklice or barkflies. Their name originates from the greek word, psokhos meaning gnawed or rubbed and, ptera meaning wings. Psocoptera barklice, booklice, psocids discover life. Psocoptera synonyms, psocoptera pronunciation, psocoptera translation, english dictionary definition of psocoptera. Basal groups are microbial surface feeders, whereas more advanced groups feed on plant or animal fluids.
There are around 2 000 in the world and 68 in britain. Chapter 26 the best control for barklice or booklice or. This group is distributed worldwide with nearly 2,000 species. Barklice normally live outdoors, feeding on algae, lichens, molds, and fungi. These are closely related to booklice in the order psocodea or psocoptera. Psocids, also called book lice although they are not truly lice, live in warm, moist places.
Actually, the lady in the apartment above us had lice one or two times during this period so that must have been what i found. Over 5,500 species in 41 families have been found in the 3 suborders that exists today, most of these species were only identified in recent years. Psocoptera corrodentia, copeognatha constitutes an order of neopterous, exopterygote insects commonly called psocids, barklice, or booklice. All psocids possess silk glands and in some species large webs are formed in which the community lives. The insects of the order psocoptera copeognatha, corrodentia are commonly called psocids, although outdoor. It has a very flat shape superficially resembling the shape of. Paraneoptera is a monophyletic superorder of insects which includes four orders, the bark lice, true lice, thrips, and hemipterans, the true bugs.
Molecular genetic evidence has confirmed past suspicions that true lice evolved from booklice and this finding has brought about a taxonomic reshuffling in which bark lice and parasitic lice share the order psocodea. I have a book lice problem in my bedding mattress, blankets, and bed sheets, which is an area not commonly associated with booklice based on my internet searches. Psocoptera previously called corrodentia families trogium, liposcelis. Psocids or booklice have long, filamentous antennae and a characteristic bulging clypeus the area just above the mouth parts. If you wish to keep any of the infested items, wrap them in a plastic bag, put them in your freezer for 2 days to kill the. They feed on mold or fungi and if found in decaying organic material, as well as grains, insects, and starches like book binding glue it is the result of psocids eating the mold andor fungi growing on these items. Most species are freeliving and not pests, but several species of book lice are found indoors, e. Psocoptera definition of psocoptera by merriamwebster. Although they are called lice, the psocoptera are freeliving insects, not parasites.
Barklice, booklice or psocids psocoptera, figure 11 mechanism of absorption of atmospheric water. New species and records of peripsocus hagen psocoptera, peripsocidae from southeast australia. The insects of the order psocoptera copeognatha, corrodentia are commonly called psocids, although outdoor species living on tree trunks and branches have been called barklice, whereas indoor species, sometimes found in old books, have been called booklice. Ive tried washing all of the bedding in hot water and drying it thoroughly in the dryer but the booklice still appeared. The main sign of psocids is the sighting of the psocids themselves on surfaces or in products. Troctomorpha are now known to also contain the order phthiraptera lice, and are therefore paraphyletic, as are psocoptera as a whole.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Psocoptera comes from the greek words psocos, which means gnawed, and ptera, which means wings. A taxonomic order within the superorder psocodea book lice, bark lice or bark flies. The mouthparts of the paraneoptera reflect diverse feeding habits. Dorothy is a master gardener, former newspaper reporter, and the author of several books. Booklice are more common in human dwellings and warehouses. Booklice are classified under psocoptera order, which is further divided into three suborders each with several families. However, there are no reports on the allergenicity of psocoptera spp. Barklice, booklice or psocids psocoptera springerlink. Their closest relatives are the phthiraptera or true lice. The right hand photo shows a fine mesh of silk over the louse. The photo was poor quality due to the bugs being so high in the tree.
Some troctomorpha, such as liposcelis which are similar to lice in morphology, are often found in birds nests, and it is possible that a similar behavior in the ancestors of lice is at the origin of the parasitism seen today. Everything you need to know about a booklice infestation. Pending id psocoptera pending id psocoptera references edwards, b. Psocoptera definition is an order of tiny softbodied insects that have long antennae, chewing mouthparts, feed on organic matter, are either wingless or have two pairs of wings held over the back like a roof, and include the book lice and bark lice. These insects are known to inhabit various terrestrial habitats such as tree bark bark lice, old papers, books, stored food products, etc and gain entry into human dwellings through these modes. They would normally be found in the soil, on plants or on the bark of trees depending on species. Characteristics psocids or booklice as they are commonly known are small usually dull coloured insects with a body length of 110 millimetres. However, unlike bedbugs, booklice are harmless insects and do not feed or bite humans or animals.
Information about psocoptera in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Most people often confuse booklice for bed bugs because they look similar. These guys were all piled up in one little cluster on some logs that have been sitting in the driveway for a bit i have no clue what they are, but. This may be because they are so small that people do not notice them when there are only a few around. They are often regarded as the most primitive of the hemipteroids. Psocoptera article about psocoptera by the free dictionary. The tiny bugs can live outdoors on bark feeding on mosses and lichens and in grass, leaves and damp wood.
Help pages, faqs, uniprotkb manual, documents, news archive and biocuration projects. An order of small insects in which wings may be present or absent, tarsi are two or threesegmented, cerci are absent, and metamorphosis is gradual explanation of psocoptera. They have the potential to sensitize individuals with an. Actually, im relieved, id rather fight lice than bed bugs. In this revised handbook, a general introduction to the classification, relationships, biology and external morphology of the psocoptera is followed by notes on their collection and study. Psocids are small and softbodied and therefore have received little attention from collectors. To get rid of booklice, start by throwing out any items that show signs of lice infestation, like books or boxes. Based on your answers to the questions, you have identified your insect as being in the order psocoptera. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Psocopterabook lice class insectaorder psocopteranumber of families 36 or 37 source for information on psocoptera book lice. Psocomorpha, troctomorpha, trogiomorpha suborders lacroixiella genus, incertae sedis edgariekiidae extinct family, incertae sedis beipiaopsocus, empheriopsis extinct genera, incertae sedis references. So, were going to skip over the scientific data on these pests, like the fact that they are of the order psocoptera and that the staples of their diet are fungi, algae, lichen, and organic detritus, and get right to what matters most.
I live in arlington, va, we have noticed in the last several days small about the size of a small pepper flake brownishblack bugs in our bathtub below the ceiling fanvent not near the drain or faucet, and around some of our windows. Most of these in sects have a protective coloration. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Psocoptera definition of psocoptera by the free dictionary. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word psocoptera. These insects were until recently placed in the order psocoptera with the lice in a separate order phthiraptera. About this book since the first edition of this handbook was published in 1974, seven new species of psocoptera have been recorded in britain. Instead, they feed on dead matter and in particular molds and fungi. Psocoptera pos sess the ability to digest cellulose. The psocoptera are a group of small soft, stout bodied insects which include book lice liposcelis sp.
Thorax the thorax unites to the head with a membranous and flexible neck. The scientific name comes from the greek psocus to grind and pteron wing and refers to the psocopteran jaws, which are shaped to grind food, rather like a pestle and mortar these insects can be conveniently, if somewhat arbitrarily, discussed in two groups, barklice and booklice, based on. Commonly called barklice or booklice, members of the order psocoptera psocids are not true lice order phthiraptera although they are closely related to parasitic lice. Dear linda, these are barklice or tree cattle in the insect order psocoptera, and though we were not able to locate any similar looking species from panama or surrounding countries, we did locate this somewhat similar looking individual from bolivia on flickr daniel, thank you for your help. Although most psocoptera are freeliving, a few genera live in the nests of birds. Psocid book lice control new houses are not the only places that have problems with psocids, however. Papers and proceedings of the royal society of tasmania 1949. Most species feed on stored grains, book bindings, wallpaper paste, fabric sizing, and other starchy products.1042 299 1368 83 1521 259 890 849 1687 100 1331 258 768 678 1151 578 414 1568 712 778 642 1515 1182 1215 690 630 811 1171 479 118 150 1250 600 999 1111 279 1388 1410 1162 386 461 406